Policies of European Union countries towards the issue of illegal immigration

  • Mohammad Zuhair Abdul Karim Mosul University - College of Political Science


Migration is an inherent phenomenon of human societies. It is the movement of people from a place where it is difficult to live to a better place, for socio-political reasons. Migration is either internal within one country or international between countries, And the latter may be legitimate or illegal. The European continent has become a dream for immigrants to live better. But Europe, which has received large numbers of immigrants and has become part of its social, economic and political entity, is beginning to suffer from problems  and reflections: security, economic, social and political, in light of the increasing number of immigrants in Europe, which has made European countries since the 1980s changed their policies, And start to legislate laws and procedures and conclude restrictive immigration agreements, leading to the events of September 11, 2001, which made European policies more stringent towards immigration, to develop those policies after the Arab Renaissance revolutions in 2011, And what that left, waves of displaced people headed to Europe, thousands of them were received, but as a result of economic difficulties and security and political conditions that some European countries were exposed to, Some European calls have emerged to curb immigration, In light of the differences between the EU countries and the absence of a unified European policy and vision towards immigration, Nevertheless, European countries have formed some partnerships and agreements to combat migration, as well as conducting a set of collective and unilateral restrictive immigration procedures which have led to a reduction in the number of refugees to Europe.

May 24, 2020
How to Cite
ABDUL KARIM, Mohammad Zuhair. Policies of European Union countries towards the issue of illegal immigration. Tikrit Journal For Political Science, [S.l.], n. 19, p. 55-86, may 2020. ISSN 2312-6639. Available at: <http://tjfps.tu.edu.iq/index.php/poltic/article/view/212>. Date accessed: 27 sep. 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.25130/poltic.v0i19.212.