Constructivism theory and its explanation of the interactions and issues of the Middle East
The emergence of social constructivism theory is a turning point in the field of theories of International Relations, being viewed by a different subject from what preceded it from theories through a social understanding of what is going on in this relationship. Hence, this research examines the main concepts of social structural theory such as identity and interest and the role of actors without countries along with the main role of the state in interactions and international issues, and then using the main concepts of structural theory at the international level in the interpretation of interactions and major issues in the Middle East. Accordingly, interactions and issues in the Middle East are interpreted as a conflict that is between the components of the states and non-state actors.
Furthermore, in this region interactions and issues revolve around religious, sectarian, and national identities. Additionally, the perspective of social constructivism, it is clear that the sectarian conflicts produces interactions and issues in three forms: namely, the struggle of the Iranian Shiite-Saudi identities and the struggle of the Shiite-Sunni identities in Iraq and lastly the conflict of Shiite-Sunni identities in Yemen. In terms of interactions and issues between national identities in the region, there is a struggle for the identity of the Turkish-Kurdish nationalities, the struggle for the identity of the Arab-Kurdish nationalities, and the struggle for the identity of the Persian-Kurdish nationalities. Thus, conflict and religious interactions produced issues between the Islamic and Jewish identities divided into two parts, namely the struggle of the Sunni-Jewish Islamic identities and the struggle of the Shiite-Jewish Islamic identities. Consequently, chaos is prevalent in this region, and it is difficult to imagine a way out of it, as long as a conflict within the region is characterized by ideologies, values and identities..